Driving pressure is not associated with hospital mortality in patients without ARDS.
CCCF ePoster library. Schmidt M. Oct 31, 2016; 155978; ORAL
Dr. Marcello Schmidt
Dr. Marcello Schmidt
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Topic: Retrospective or Prospective Cohort Study

Driving pressure is not associated with hospital mortality in patients without ARDS.


Schmidt, Marcello1; Amaral, Andre1,2; Fan, Eddy1,3; Rubenfeld, Gordon1,2
1Interdepartamental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; 2Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada; 3Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Canada



Abstract:

Introduction: Driving pressure is associated with mortality in patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and to pulmonary complications in patients undergoing general anesthesia. Whether driving pressure is associated with outcomes of ventilated patients without ARDS is unknown.
Objectives: To determine the independent association between driving pressure and mortality in mechanically ventilated patients without ARDS.
Methods: Retrospective cohort of 1,021 adult patients mechanically ventilated for 48 hours or more. The primary outcome was hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were ICU and 6-month mortality. We assessed the independent association between driving pressure and outcomes using multivariate logistic regression.
Results: Our primary outcome was hospital mortality. The presence of ARDS was determined using the minimum daily PaO2:FiO2 (PF) ratio and an automated text search of chest X-ray reports. First, we tested our model in patients with ARDS and found an independent association between hospital mortality and driving pressure (OR=1.07; 95% CI 1.03-1.11). In patients without ARDS driving pressure was not independently associated with hospital mortality (OR=0.97; 95% CI 0.91-1.03).
Conclusion: In this cohort of mechanically ventilated patients driving pressure was independently associated with mortality in patients with ARDS, but not in patients without it. Possible reasons for the lack of association between driving pressure and mortality in non-ARDS patients include lack of association between compliance and mortality in these patients, a large number of patients having spontaneous breathing efforts and tidal recruitment due to low PEEP used in the vast majority of non-ARDS patients.


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